Finally getting to purchase a home is a big step in anyone’s life. Among the essential facilitators of home ownership happens to be mortgages. However, most prospective home buyers’ dilemma is understanding the various terms used in mortgages and the process involved. The mortgage market is often subjected to changes in rules and regulations, making it hard for people to understand the mortgage jargon and the various processes. Despite the challenges that come with understanding mortgages, obtaining a mortgage does not have to be difficult. Therefore if you are looking to shop around for mortgages, you need to understand first how mortgages work. Ensuring that you have the basics of mortgages at your fingertips will be easy for you to get a good deal.
Some crucial information that you need to be aware of about acquiring a mortgage are as stipulated here below:
• How mortgages operate
First, a mortgage is a type of loan taken against the home or property you want to acquire through purchase. Most lenders who are often building societies or banks require that you have a deposit, dependent on the circumstances present. Upon approval for a mortgage, the lender then pays the remainder of the purchase price. You will then have to pay the debt with interest as agreed between you and the lender. For example, most lenders will only approve a mortgage upon the borrower depositing a 20% down payment in the United States. For example, in some instances, in a low/no doc case scenario, the lenders will require you to make a larger deposit. Low/No doc home loans refer to scenarios where the lender does not require you to verify your income. Borrowers however need to be aware that it is possible to receive 100% financing.
It is a requirement that the borrower repays the loan monthly. The time within which you will be required to repay the loan is usually arrived at by taking into account: interest rate and the expected cost that will go into repaying the loan pegged on the duration allocated. Most lending institutions give a repayment plan of between 25 and 30 years. Borrowers have a responsibility to repay the loan in monthly installments as agreed between you and the lender. Default in loan repayment often leads to significant repercussions like foreclosure. Always remember that a lending institution, upon approval by a Court, can exercise its judicial power of sale.
The value of a property is usually regarded as 100%; therefore, the mortgage rate is guided by the amount of mortgage you are seeking against the property’s value. Therefore, if the deposit made accounts for 20 % of the home value’s purchase price, the mortgage will be 80%, and it will be referred to as an 80% loan to value. What you shall owe the lender is 80% of the value of the property and interests.
• Mortgages you should expect
Often, the initial stage of a mortgage repayment plan commences with what is referred to as a deal period. The period can last between two and five years. The deal period applies to borrowers paying a defined rate. Once the deal period is over, your lender will likely move you to the standard variable rate. The lender controls the rate applied here as they can decide to move the rate down or up. One of the privileges that lenders enjoy is that they are in charge of coming up with the rate applicable to the standard variable rate. As someone seeking a mortgage, you need to be aware that it is only on rare occasions that a lender can reduce the standard variable rate. After the deal period, you will, most times start paying more as per the standard variable rate. Mortgage experts, therefore, advise most borrowers to remortgage their property after the deal period has lapsed.
• Forms of mortgage repayment
As a borrower, two repayment plans can apply to your situation. You choose an interest-only mortgage or a capital plus interest repayment plan. The capital plus interest repayment plan is the most renowned as most lenders and borrowers embrace it. The repayment plan involves paying off the amount owed plus its interest. Once the loan is settled, you become the lawful owner of the property. The interest-only repayment plan, though used by some lenders, is not very popular. As a borrower, at the end of repaying the interest, the property still does not belong to you as you will have to repay the principal amount. Over time, lenders have dropped the interest-only repayment plan as they are now more focused on whether a borrower can repay the loan. Once you have provided verification for repayment, some lenders might consider you for the interest-only type of repayment plan.
• The amount an individual can borrow
The desire to acquire a mortgage for the purchase of a home is one, getting the exact amount you require is a whole other different thing that considers various factors. Lender’s crediting scoring and your age will determine the amount of mortgage you get. Many people that are nearing retirement always face challenges when seeking loans. A 40-year-old who seeks a mortgage with a 30-year repayment plan will be repaying the mortgage until they retire. In such a scenario, the lender might offer a minimal amount as a mortgage. Other factors that determine the amount one can borrow are marital status, the estimate of future expenses, childcare costs, income, etc.
If you intend to get a maximum amount as a mortgage, you should begin working on your credit score now. An individual’s credit score plays a significant role in establishing whether you qualify for a loan. If you have a bad credit score, you must start working towards growing your credit score ratings as soon as possible. Try to seek tips on increasing your credit score, and you will be a step away from getting approved for a mortgage of a considerable amount.